For centuries Cyprus has learnt how to become self sufficient in home grown produce. Today it is one of the major exporters of Oranges, lemons and grapefruits, which benefit from the year round mild climate and sunshine.
Cypriot farmers produce excellent quality pork, lamb, beef and chicken. Goat and cow farming are also dominant due to the production of the national cheeses of haloumi, anari and feta, as well as yoghurt.
Many fine quality fruits are grown in Cyprus, the main ones being lemons, oranges, grapefruit, limes, apples, mandarins, apricots, pears, figs, cherries, nectarines, plums, pomegranites, bananas, strawberries, peaches, kiwi, water melons, sugar melons, and of course table and wine grapes. In September 2010, the Minister of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment gave an official presentation of a new fruit cultivation in Cyprus, the Nashi (Nasia), which originates from Japan. This fruit is considered beneficial for the heart and digestive system. It is cultivated in Kyperounta in the Pitsilia region.
The island is also self sufficient in its vegetable growing industry, which provides very high quality red potatos, carrots, onions, peppers, beans, wheat, corn, garlic, cabbage, cauliflour, marrows, aubergines, beetroot, kolokasi, tomatos, lettuce, parsley, celery, mushrooms, and of course the famous green and black olives.
You can also find fresh nuts grown in Cyprus, like almonds, walnuts, pistachio, and hazlenuts.
Cyprus also produces some of the best quality honey that you can find. Honey is organic, a natural sugar alternative with no additives that is easy on the stomach, will adapt to all cooking processes, and has an indefinite shelf-life. Another healthy product of Cyprus are Carobs, which have excellent nutritional value and are said to be the healthy alternative to chocolate. Many locals regularly buy the juice of carobs to take as a daily health supplement.
On such a mediterranean island one would expect to find fresh fish, and you won't be disappointed for fishermen daily bring ashore nets full of red mullet, sea bass, as well as octopus and squid (seasonal). There are also fish farms that provide tsipoura, lavraki and tiger prawns.
In more recent times, an ostrich farm has been set up in Cyprus, for local production as well as exports. The ostrich meat is said to be the most healthy of red meats, with high nutritional value.